2015 is a “strategic adjustment year.” The major countries in the world focus on the overall judgment and laser pointer grasp of the general trend of world development, and have launched various “strategic” texts, highlighting the response to challenges, adjusting strategies, focusing on opponents, and strengthening deployment. Obtain greater strategic initiative.
Focus on the challenges of major powers and highlight the strengthening of naval and air force deployment in the Asia-Pacific region. Released the new version of “National Security Strategy”, “National Military Strategy”, “21st Century Maritime Force Cooperation Strategy”, especially the first release of “Asia-Pacific Maritime Security Strategy”, and raised the challenge of major powers as the primary security threat, and regarded the “Indo-Asia-Pacific” region as the primary security threat. “Overseas Key Interest Area”.
In the context of the tightening of defense budgets, military deployments continue to maintain a trend of relative global contraction and continued strengthening in the Asia-Pacific region. Before 2020, it is planned to deploy naval and overseas air forces in the Asia-Pacific region. In the next few years, nearly 400 F-35 fighters are expected to enter service in the US military, most of which may be deployed in the Asia-Pacific region. The first batch of F-35 fighters is planned to be stationed in Japan in 2017.
Russia emphasizes security threats with NATO, and emphasizes strengthening its military presence in the Arctic and the Middle East. Russia has released a new version of the “National Security Strategy,” “Military Doctrine,” and “Marine Doctrine”, clearly stating that NATO is its main security threat. Russia has adopted the strategy of “stabilizing the east and west wings and making breakthroughs in both directions from the north to the south”, which has greatly improved the disadvantaged situation.
On the Western Front, Russia frequently held large-scale military exercises to further strengthen its land defense forces to curb NATO’s eastward green laser pointer expansion. On the eastern front, strengthen the construction of military bases in the Southern Kuril Islands (the four northern islands in Japan) and the Pacific Fleet, and strengthen strategic deterrence against Alaska and Japan. In the northern direction, military construction in the Arctic will be further strengthened. According to reports, there are plans to build 6 bases and 440 infrastructures. In the southern direction, it successfully intervened in the Syrian crisis and directly launched a strategic game with the United States, highlighting its military presence and international influence in the Middle East.